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Personality

This typology theory was developed to organize the voluminous data about people in different jobs and the data about different work environments, to suggest how people make career choices and to explain how job satisfaction and vocational achievement occur.


John Holland Edit

Holland suggested that "people can function and develop best and find job satisfaction in work environments that are compatible with their personalities"; (ICDM, 1991, p. 4-4). Holland based his theory of personality types on several assumptions. People tend to choose a career that is reflective of their of their personality. Because people tend to be attracted to certain jobs, the environment then reflects this personality.


He classified these personality types and work environments into six types which he labeled realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional (often referred to by the acronym RIASEC). He suggests that the closer the match of personality to job, the greater the satisfaction.
All types are part of each of us. However, one type is usually evidenced most strongly. We may even resemble up to three of the types. Holland developed a hexagon model that illustrates some key concepts: consistency, differentiation, identity, and congruence.


A very brief overview of the six personality types, six work-related activities, and sample occupations is presented below:Edit

TYPE

ACTIVITIES

OCCUPATIONS

Realistic

Working with things, i.e. tools and machines

Farmer, Carpenter, Mechanical Engineer

Investigative

Working with information, i.e. abstract ideas and theories

Chemist

Artistic

Creating things

Painter, Writer

Social

Helping people

Social Worker, Counselor

Enterprising

Leading others

Sales Representative, Entrepreneur

Conventional

Organizing data

Night Auditor

 


"Holland's theory places emphasis on the accuracy of self-knowledge and career information necessary for career decision making".      --- (Zunker, 1994, p.49).

A very brief overview of the six personality types, six work-related activities, and sample occupations is presented below:

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